“Frustration killings” occur far too often because landowners are unfamiliar with or unable to control damage with nonlethal control techniques.
These killings result in the needless loss of raptors, and they may lead to undesirable legal actions.
Recently, many people have developed a more enlightened attitude toward raptors and their place in the environment.
People who experience raptor damage problems should immediately seek information and/or assistance.
At catfish farms, three species or species groups of birds are primarily cited by catfish producers as causing most depredation problems (Wywialowski 1999).
These include doublecrested cormorants, wading birds (herons and egrets), and American white pelicans, in order of importance to catfish producers (Wywialowski 1993).
Some are responsible for the loss of poultry or small game.
To protect a species recognized by the Federal Government, a State, or a Tribe as an endangered, threatened, or candidate, species, or a species of special concern, including critical habitat for any listed species.
However, this requirement does not apply to Federal, State, or Tribal employees conducting brown-headed cowbird trapping to protect a species recognized by the Federal Government, a State, or a Tribe as endangered, threatened, candidate, or of special concern.
21.42 Authority to issue depredating orders to permit the killing of migratory game birds. Records shall be maintained or reproducible in English on a calendar year basis and shall be retained for a period of five (5) years following the end of the calendar year covered by the records.[39 FR 1178, Jan. Captive-reared and properly marked mallard ducks, alive or dead, or their eggs may be acquired, possessed, sold, traded, donated, transported, and disposed of by any person without a permit, subject to the following conditions, restrictions, and requirements: (a) Nothing in this section shall be construed to permit the taking of live mallard ducks or their eggs from the wild.
Subpart D -- Control of Depredating Birds21.41 Depredation permits. No person shall take, possess, import, export, transport, sell, purchase, barter, or offer for sale, purchase or barter, any migratory bird, or the parts, nests, or eggs of such bird except as may be permitted under the terms of a valid permit issued pursuant to the provisions of this Part and Part 13, or as permitted by regulations in this Part or Part 20 (the hunting regulations). (a) Employees of the Department of the Interior authorized to enforce the provisions of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of July 3, 1918, as amended (40 Stat. Any person exercising a privilege granted by this paragraph must keep accurate records of such operations showing the species and number of birds acquired, possessed, and disposed of; the names and addresses of the persons from whom such birds were acquired or to whom such birds were donated or sold; and the dates of such transactions. 14, 1989.] 21.13 Permit exceptions for captive-reared mallard ducks.
Subpart C -- Specific Permit Provisions 21.21 Import and export permits. Such birds may be killed by shooting only in accordance with all applicable hunting regulations governing the taking of mallard ducks from the wild: Provided, That such birds may be killed by shooting, in any number, at any time, within the confines of any premises operated as a shooting preserve under State license, permit, or authorization; or they may be shot, in any number, at any time or place, by any person for bona fide dog training or field trial purposes: Provided further, That the provisions of the hunting regulations (Part 20 of this subchapter) and the Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act (duck stamp requirement) shall not apply to shooting preserve operations, as provided for in this paragraph, or to bona fide dog training or field trial operations.